Differences Of The Effectiveness Of The Tai Chi Method On Reducing Insomnia And Hypertension In Elderly

  • Sabirin Berampu Institut Kesehatan Medistra Lubuk Pakam
Keywords: Elderly, Tai Chi Exercise, Insomnia, Hypertension


Hypertension is caused by stiffness in the arteries which results in an increase in blood pressure which can cause strokes in patients so that they cannot carry out daily activities, it can even be fatal, such as rupture of blood vessels in the brain which can cause death. If an elderly person experiences sleep disorders, it will worsen the underlying disease so that it will have an impact on health. The purpose of this study is the difference in the effectiveness of the Tai Chi method on reducing insomnia and hypertension in the elderly. This type of research is quantitative with a quasi-experimental design. The sample used is the elderly who live in the village of Lau Rakit. The sampling technique used is the Probability Sampling technique. Data were analyzed using Paired T-Test and One Way Anova (<0.05). The results showed that in the insomnia intervention group the p-value was 0.01 and in the hypertension intervention group the p-value was 0.02, which means that the Tai Chi exercise intervention group was effectively used to treat insomnia and hypertension, while in the control group the p-value was 0.16. it means that in the control group there is no effective change. The results of the ANOVA test obtained a p value of 0.04 < 0.05, which means that there is a significant difference between the three groups. It is recommended for the elderly to be able to do Tai Chi exercises regularly to overcome the problems of insomnia and hypertension.


Download data is not yet available.


Badan Pusat Statistik. (2020). Statistik Penduduk Lanjut Usia. https://www.bps.go.id/publicati on/2020/12/21/0fc0232219656 24a644c1111/statistik- penduduk-lanjut-usia- 2020.html

Hikmaharidha.I, (2011) Pengaruh Senam Tai Chi Terhadap Tekanan Darah Wanita Berusia 50 Tahun ke Atas. Skripsi Mahasiswa Kedokteran Universitas Diponegoro. http://eprints.undip.ac.id/3331 5/1/Istifa.pdf

Juliani. J, Nurrahmaton, & Sartika. D. (2020). Effectivenes Of Elderly Gymnastic Against Decreased Insomnia Levels in Hutasoit Poskesdes Lintongnihuta District Humbang District Hasundutan. Journal Gentle Birth Volume 3 No.2. ISSN 2623-0461

Kemenkes RI. (2020). Populasi Lansia Diperkirakan Terus Meningkat. http://p2ptm.kemkes.go.id/keg iatan-p2ptm/aceh/populasi- lansia-diperkirakan-terus- meningkat-hingga-tahun-2020

Kemenkes RI. (2015). Pelayanan dan peningkatan kesehatan usia lanjut. Tersedia dalam http:// www.kemenkes.go.id/ article/ view/15052700010/.

Liestanto. F. & Fithriana. D. (2020). Pengaruh Senam Tai Chi Terhadap Peningkatan Kualitas Tidur Lansia Di Balai Sosial Lanjut Usia Mandalika. Jurnal Keperawatan Terpadu (Integrated Nursing Journal). Vol. 2, No. 1.

Liu,Dingcheng,Yi,Lan,Sheng,Meixiao,D kk.(2020).The Efficacy Of Tai Chi And Qigong Exercises On Blood Pressure And Blood Levels Of Nitric Oxide And Endothelin-1 In Patients With Essential Hypertension:A Systematic Review And Meta- Analysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials. China : University Of Chinese Medicine.

Meliana E. (2019). Pengaruh Senam Lansia terhadap Tingkat Insomnia pada Lansia di Yayasan Bina Bhakti Sasana Tresnawherda Caritas B ekasi. Jurnal Malahayati Nurs. Vol 1. ejurnalmalahayati.ac.id

Nasrullah ,Dede.(2020). Proposing A Healthy Environment For Elderly People With Hypertension:Taichi Gymnastic Againt Blood Pressure. Surabaya :IOP.

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Peneltian Kuantitaif. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sulistiya, A. (2021) Pengaruh Senam Tai Chi Terhadap Kecemasan Pada Lansia Dengan Hipertensi Di Posyandu Lansia Kelurahan Mangge Kecamatan Barat Kabupaten Magetan. Other thesis, Stikes Bhakti Husada Mulia. http://repository.stikes- bhm.ac.id/1034/

Yeting Zhang, Y. F. (2017). Effect of Tai Chi Exercise for Hypertension: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. BIO Web of Conferences ,1-6.

Yulianti.A, Suri.A, Febilia, & Herowati (2019) Senam Tai Chi Efektif Menurunkan Tekanan Darah, Kadar Gula, dan Meningkatkan Kualitas Tidur Pada Lansia. Jurnal Physiotherapy & Health Science Vol 1 No 2. 65-72

How to Cite
Berampu, S., & Sembiring, E. B. (2022). Differences Of The Effectiveness Of The Tai Chi Method On Reducing Insomnia And Hypertension In Elderly. JURNAL KEPERAWATAN DAN FISIOTERAPI (JKF), 5(1), 115-121. https://doi.org/10.35451/jkf.v5i1.1350